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maternity leave

  • Lifestyle Factors you can Change to avoid Miscarriage

    Obviously during pregnancy, the last thing you want to worry or even think about is a miscarriage. I know for me it was almost a feeling that if you don’t think it, it won’t happen, just stay positive, right? Obviously stress is something that you want to lesson to make your pregnancy journey safer and better overall. However, there are times I believe reliable information about what we fear, may actually be helpful and allow us to be more empowered to make better health and lifestyle decisions during our pregnancy. This is why I would like to share some research by scientists in Denmark recently published in International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology on miscarriage and how we can avoid it.

    In this study it was determined that miscarriages during pregnancy could be lowered by as much as 25% by modifying or avoiding high risk behaviors duing pregnancy. These risk factors included factors including lack of exercise or too vigorous (or risky) exercise, too much alcohol consumption, smoking(at all), drinking coffee, overtime and evening work schedules, regular heavy lifting, weight gain, and advanced maternal age. Of course if you are already pregnant and at an “advanced maternal age” there’s not much you can modify about that factor but there are plenty of other risk factors we can affect in our lifestyle to reduce our risks and improve our pregnancy health and our baby’s health.

    Apparently weight was an important factor for pregnancy viability and pregnancy health as well as the baby’s health. If you were overweight before you were pregnant then you do not need to gain the recommended 25-35 pounds during pregnancy. You can gain far less but you will need to be extra vigilant about healthy calories so that your baby (and you) get the nutrients you need. Talk to your doctor about your weight and do not avoid the subject or wait for them to bring it up. New research shows that doctors in the United States are less likely to bring up a pregnant woman’s weight gain if she is gaining too much than they did in previous years. Obviously it is not always a popular subject and one that is often the last thing mentioned before the end of the visit if at all. As a result of less emphasis on our weight gain and pregnancy diet, our pregnancy obesity rates have skyrocketed in recent years and this factor is affecting rates of healthy pregnancies overall. These health risks include stillbirth rates, high blood pressure (preeclampsia), gestational diabetes (leading to higher weight babies and childhood obesity), more complications during labor and delivery and a harder time losing the weight after pregnancy. Instaed of feeling guilty, we need to address the problem directly with our doctor and admit if we are having problems with our pregnancy weight and ask for help.

    As a mom of three I understand the problems with weight gain during pregnancy. I had severe morning sickness with all three of my babies yet I gained more than the recommended weight with my first two pregnancies, particularly the first. It seemed high carbs and sugars were the only thing my body could keep down or that seemed appealing whenever the sickness would subside. Even though I stayed active during my pregnancies it seems that food choices and quantities would really drive my weight gain more than I could offset those calories with exercise. I also admit that I was guilty of over indulging in sweets as all my forgiving stretchy pregnancy clothes seemed to hide the extra pound or two that was rapidly creeping on. On the other side, you definitely do want to gain enough weight if you are underweight or not gaining enough to support your pregancy and development of your baby. It is a delicate balance and seems unfair that pregnancy is a time we should need to worry about our weight at all. My recommendation is to be proactive in talking to your doctor and even getting a dietician referral if you have any difficulties or questions with your weight. It is never too late to be proactive about your pregnancy health.

    Obviously exercise is good for us during pregnancy and promotes a healthy pregnancy, so it is important to keep a regular safe exercise regime that your doctor approves and to be flexible in adjusting your routine during each stage of your pregnancy. Pay attention to your body and make sure you are not over straining it by lifting too heavy of a weight (and this includes childcare routines where children 40 pounds or more are lifted and carried). Also make sure that you hydrate regularly as your body requires more water and you may need to take more frequent breaks, particularly if you feel you are overheating or your heart rate is too high. If an exercise involves more balance, like tennis, be extra careful as your center of gravity is constantly shifting and your ligaments and tendons are looser during pregnancy. This is maybe a time to just "practice" a safe sport and not compete if you are the competitive type!

    If you smoke, then pregnancy is an excellent time, reason and motivation to quit.Alcohol and coffee consumption have long been a hot topic in pregnancy circles. Although some doctors say a small amount of alcohol or caffeine is OK during pregnancy, no one seems to know exactly how much is OK. If you want to err on the safe side it is probably best to tee-total on both alcohol and caffeine or at least to strongly limit your intake. You will have plenty of time to enjoy a cocktail or two as well as extra mochas in years to come. There are always other options to choose from for beverage choices such as an alcohol free beer or decaf latte or tea.

    Work schedules and stress are not always easy factors to control. One major way to reduce the risk of miscarriage is to pay attention to our physical and emotional stress level and get the sleep we need. The study did find that night and overtime schedules increased women’s health risks during pregnancy as well as heavy lifting jobs. If these factors are a issue for you then you might want to check out your company’s pregnancy, health and maternity leave policies as there may be allowances for you to alter your high risk job demands during pregnancy, especially with your doctor’s permission. Sometimes you can work directly with your manager to work out a flex-time schedule or work at home schedule that allows you to take more rest. Or, you may need a doctor’s note to excuse you from certain tasks, such as heavy lifting on the job, or to get an early maternity leave. If you cannot, then you may need to re-assess if the job and its hours and determine if it is worth the risk of your pregnancy health.

    Pregnancy is a time to be selfish about your health and your baby’s health and not a time to be “tough” about taking on undo physical and emotional challenges that could challenge you and your baby's health. Your body is making a baby which takes a huge amount of energy and strength and affects not only your hormone levels but your physical abilities and needs. You will need more sleep as well as better nutrition, and more friendly work hours. Do not be afraid to speak up for what you need at home or at work, even if you feel like a wimp asking for extra time off or permission to get out of a physically demanding job. You can make it up when you are not making a baby. As everyone knows, pregnancy is not for wimps!

  • Maternity Leave Policy Around The World -- US Is Not The Best.

    Have you ever wondered what the maternity or parental leave policies are in the rest of the world? If you are in the United States, then there is a 95% chance that it is better than what you are currently getting.

    In fact, about 2/3rds of the countries in the world pay out 100% of your salary for a given period of time. May of these countries have the government picking up the bill, according to the International Labour Organization

    Most countries allow for paid leave for 12 to 16 weeks. Australia allows for up to 1 year but it comes at the price of not being paid. The US hits the norm at 12 weeks but that too is without any guaranteed pay.

    Studies have shown that there are benefits to keeping new parents happy by retaining them through leave. It often costs as much as 50 to 200% of an employees salary to replace them. Google extended their leave policy from 3 months to 5 and the new mother fallout rate dropped by half.

    While it may seem counter-intuitive to pay for a new parent's time off to spend with their child, it does end up making good economic sense for the employer with the added benefit of having a happier family.

    Country Length of Leave % of Wages
    Afghanistan 90 days 100
    Algeria 14 weeks 100
    Angola 90 days 100
    Antigua/Barbuda 13 weeks 60
    Argentina 90 days 100
    Australia 1 year 0
    Austria 16 weeks 100
    Bahamas 8 weeks 100
    Bahrain 45 days 100
    Bangladesh 12 weeks 100
    Barbados 12 weeks 100
    Belarus 126 days 100
    Belgium 15 weeks 82
    Belize 12 weeks 80
    Benin 14 weeks 100
    Bolivia 60 days 100
    Botswana 12 weeks 25
    Brazil 120 days 100
    Bulgaria 120-180 days 100
    Burkina Faso 14 weeks 100
    Burundi 12 weeks 50
    Cambodia 90 days 50
    Cameroon 14 weeks 100
    Canada 1 year 60
    Central African Rep. 14 weeks 50
    Chad 14 weeks 50
    Chile 18 weeks 100
    China 90 days 100
    Colombia 12 weeks 100
    Comoros 14 weeks 100
    Congo 15 weeks 100
    Costa Rica 4 months 100
    Côte d'Ivoire 14 weeks 100
    Cuba 18 weeks 100
    Cyprus 16 weeks 75
    Dem. Rep. of the Congo 14 weeks 67
    Denmark 18 weeks 100
    Dominica 12 weeks 60
    Dominican Republic 12 weeks 100
    Ecuador 12 weeks 100
    Egypt 50 days 100
    El Salvador 12 weeks 75
    Equatorial Guinea 12 weeks 75
    Ethiopia 90 days 100
    Finland 105 days 80
    France 16-26 weeks 100
    Gabon 14 weeks 100
    Germany 14 weeks 100
    Ghana 12 weeks 50
    Greece 16 weeks 75
    Grenada 3 months 100
    Guatemala 12 weeks 100
    Guinea 14 weeks 100
    Guinea-Bissau 60 days 100
    Guyana 13 weeks 70
    Haiti 12 weeks 100
    Honduras 10 weeks 100
    Hungary 24 weeks 100
    India 12 weeks 100
    Indonesia 3 months 100
    Iran 90 days 66.7
    Iraq 62 days 100
    Ireland 14 weeks 70
    Israel 12 weeks 75
    Italy 5 months 80
    Jamaica 12 weeks 100
    Japan 14 weeks 60
    Jordan 10 weeks 100
    Kenya 2 months 100
    Korea, Republic of 60 days 100
    Kuwait 70 days 100
    Laos 90 days 100
    Lebanon 40 days 100
    Lesotho 12 weeks 0
    Libyan Arab Jamahiriya 50 days 50
    Liechtenstein 8 weeks 80
    Luxembourg 16 weeks 100
    Madagascar 14 weeks 100
    Malaysia 60 days 100
    Mali 14 weeks 100
    Malta 13 weeks 100
    Mauritania 14 weeks 100
    Mauritius 12 weeks 100
    Mexico 12 weeks 100
    Morocco 12 weeks 100
    Mozambique 60 days 100
    Myanmar 12 weeks 66.7
    Nepal 52 days 100
    Netherlands 16 weeks 100
    New Zealand 14 weeks 0
    Nicaragua 12 weeks 60
    Niger 14 weeks 50
    Nigeria 12 weeks 50
    Norway 18 weeks 100
    Pakistan 12 weeks 100
    Panama 14 weeks 100
    Papua New Guinea 6 weeks 0
    Paraguay 12 weeks 50
    Peru 90 days 100
    Philippines 60 days 100
    Poland 16-18 weeks 100
    Portugal 98 days 100
    Qatar 40-60 days 100
    Romania 112 days 50
    Russia 140 days 100
    Rwanda 12 weeks 67
    Saint Lucia 13 weeks 65
    Sao Tome/Principe 70 days 100
    Saudi Arabia 10 weeks 50 or 100
    Senegal 14 weeks 100
    Singapore 8 weeks 100
    Solomon Islands 12 weeks 25
    Somalia 14 weeks 50
    South Africa 12 weeks 45
    Spain 16 weeks 100
    Sri Lanka 12 weeks 100
    Sudan 8 weeks 100
    Swaziland 12 weeks 0
    Sweden 14 weeks 75%
    Switzerland 8 weeks 100
    Syria 75 days 100
    Tanzania 12 weeks 100
    Thailand 90 days 100
    The Gambia 12 weeks 100
    Togo 14 weeks 100
    Trinidad/Tobago 13 weeks 100
    Tunisia 30 days 67
    Turkey 12 weeks 66.7
    Uganda 8 weeks 100
    Ukraine 126 days 100
    United Arab Emirates 45 days 100
    United Kingdom 14-18 weeks 90
    United States 12 weeks 0
    Uruguay 12 weeks 100
    Venezuela 18 weeks 100
    Viet Nam 4-6 months 100
    Yemen 60 days 100
    Zambia 12 weeks 100
    Zimbabwe 90 days 60
  • Lawyer On Maternity Leave Told To Show Up In Court

    Amber Vazquez Bode, a lawyer in Travis County Texas, was on maternity leave recovering from a C-section when she was called into court to by Justice of the Peace Glenn Bass. Bode had faxed in a continuance to delay the trial but it was denied.

    She brought her baby with her who apparently was crying the whole time as would be expected of a new born in such a situation. The judge felt that Bode's attitude was in contempt of court given her upset demeanor.

    What would you do? If you were nursing a baby and were forced to go somewhere due to your job would you bring the baby or leave him with friends.

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